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Latvia Facts Latvia Flag Latvia Map

Latvia Map
current time and date
currency: Lats (LVL)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Latvia profile
most of the country is composed of fertile low-lying plains with some hills in the east
Latvia history
The name "Latvia" originates from the ancient Latgalians, one of four eastern Baltic tribes that formed the ethnic core of the Latvian people (ca. 8th-12th centuries A.D.). The region subsequently came under the control of Germans, Poles, Swedes, and finally, Russians. A Latvian republic emerged following World War I, but it was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. Latvia reestablished its independence in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union. Although the last Russian troops left in 1994, the status of the Russian minority (some 28% of the population) remains of concern to Moscow. Latvia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Latvia

Conventional short form: Latvia

Local long form: Latvijas Republika

Local short form: Latvija

Formerly known as: Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic
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Latvia's capital city is Riga
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Latvia Constitution:

15 February 1922;

restored to force by the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Latvia adopted by the Supreme Council 21 August 1991;

multiple amendments since
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Latvia population growth rate: -0.598%
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Latvia highest point: Gaizina Kalns 312 m
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Latvia lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
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About 18% of Latvia's land is arable.
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Gauja River is the Longest River in Latvia
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Latvia birth rate is 10 births/1,000 population
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Latvia infant mortality rate is 8 deaths/1,000 live births
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Latvia fertility rate is 1.34 children born/woman
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Latvia climate:


wet, moderate winters
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Top 10 cities of Latvia with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Riga: 705,703
2. Daugavpils: 103,053
3. Liepāja: 83,884
4. Jelgava: 64,748
5. Jūrmala: 56,147
6. Ventspils: 42,657
7. Rēzekne: 34,912
8. Valmiera: 27,217
9. Jēkabpils: 26,378
10. Ogre: 26,167
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Latvia ethnic groups:

Latvian - 59.3%
Russian - 27.8%
Belarusian - 3.6%
Ukrainian - 2.5%
Polish - 2.4%
Lithuanian - 1.3%
other - 3.1%
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Latvia Exports:

food products

wood and wood products


machinery and equipment

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Latvia Imports:

machinery and equipment

consumer goods



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unicameral Parliament or Saeima (100 seats; members elected by proportional representation from party lists by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
110 municipalities (novadi, singular-novads)

Adazu Novads, Aglonas Novads, Aizkraukles Novads, Aizputes Novads, Aknistes Novads, Alojas Novads, Alsungas Novads, Aluksnes Novads, Amatas Novads, Apes Novads, Auces Novads, Babites Novads, Baldones Novads, Baltinavas Novads, Balvu Novads, Bauskas Novads, Beverinas Novads, Brocenu Novads, Burtnieku Novads, Carnikavas Novads, Cesu Novads, Cesvaines Novads, Ciblas Novads, Dagdas Novads, Daugavpils Novads, Dobeles Novads, Dundagas Novads, Durbes Novads, Engures Novads, Erglu Novads, Garkalnes Novads, Grobinas Novads, Gulbenes Novads, Iecavas Novads, Ikskiles Novads, Ilukstes Novads, Incukalna Novads, Jaunjelgavas Novads, Jaunpiebalgas Novads, Jaunpils Novads, Jekabpils Novads, Jelgavas Novads, Kandavas Novads, Karsavas Novads, Keguma Novads, Kekavas Novads, Kocenu Novads, Kokneses Novads, Kraslavas Novads, Krimuldas Novads, Krustpils Novads, Kuldigas Novads, Lielvardes Novads, Ligatnes Novads, Limbazu Novads, Livanu Novads, Lubanas Novads, Ludzas Novads, Madonas Novads, Malpils Novads, Marupes Novads, Mazsalacas Novads, Mersraga Novads, Nauksenu Novads, Neretas Novads, Nicas Novads, Ogres Novads, Olaines Novads, Ozolnieku Novads, Pargaujas Novads, Pavilostas Novads, Plavinu Novads, Preilu Novads, Priekules Novads, Priekulu Novads, Raunas Novads, Rezeknes Novads, Riebinu Novads, Rojas Novads, Ropazu Novads, Rucavas Novads, Rugaju Novads, Rujienas Novads, Rundales Novads, Salacgrivas Novads, Salas Novads, Salaspils Novads, Saldus Novads, Saulkrastu Novads, Sejas Novads, Siguldas Novads, Skriveru Novads, Skrundas Novads, Smiltenes Novads, Stopinu Novads, Strencu Novads, Talsu Novads, Tervetes Novads, Tukuma Novads, Vainodes Novads, Valkas Novads, Varaklanu Novads, Varkavas Novads, Vecpiebalgas Novads, Vecumnieku Novads, Ventspils Novads, Viesites Novads, Vilakas Novads, Vilanu Novads, Zilupes Novads

9 cities:

Daugavpils, Jekabpils, Jelgava, Jurmala, Liepaja, Rezekne, Riga, Valmiera, Ventspils
Political parties and leaders:
Union of Greens and Farmers (ZZS) - Raimonds VEJONIS

Harmony Center (SC) - Nils USAKOVS

National Alliance "All For Latvia!"-"For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK" (NA) - Gaidis BERZINS, Raivis DZINTARS

Unity - Solvita ABOLTINA

Reform Party (RP) - Valdis ZATLERS